Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
% 28.10 29.50 28.90 30.10 30.10 32.30 33.20 33.20
Year 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
% 33.60 34.80 36.20 36.30 36.50 36.40 36.20 37.40
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
% 37.90 37.30 37.90 38.60 39 39.90 40.10

Operational Definitions

The percentage of occupied jobs in the employed population requiring advanced technological skills. In theory, jobs that are and are not occupied (vacancies) should be counted. However, the figures on vacancies are quite negligible. More importantly, the Supplementary Survey of Job Vacancies used a different classification of occupation from the current one before 1993. To maintain consistency over time, only jobs that are occupied are counted. Jobs requiring advanced managerial and technological skills refer to managers and administrators, professionals and associate professionals. The Census and Statistics Department has noted that from 1993 onwards, the occupational classification used in the General Household Survey basically follows the major groups of the “International Standard Classification of Occupations (1988)” with local adaptation for Hong Kong. There are significant differences, according to the Department, between this classification scheme and the one adopted for years prior to 1993, and therefore no comparison can be made with earlier years.


All figures are collected Census and Statistics Department since 1996. Figure for 1981 is extracted from Hong Kong Annual Digest of Statistics and is not strictly comparable to those for other years because the categorization used in 1981 Census is different from the one on which figures for other years are based. The figure refers to professional, technical and related workers, and administrative and managerial workers.

According to C&SD (25Sep2009), starting from the year 2001, annual figures derived from the General Household Survey (GHS) may be different from those in the earlier edition. For the previous edition, the annual figures are compiled based on the average data for the four quarters of the year concerned. Starting from this edition, these statistics are compiled based on data collected in the General Household Survey from January to December of the year concerned as well as mid-year population estimates.
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